Everything about designing a bedroom layout

A bedroom is more than just a space for sleeping; it is a sanctuary for rest, relaxation, and personal reflection. It's a place to unwind after a long day, read a good book, or snuggle up with a loved one.

To create a functional bedroom, you'll need to consider a range of factors, from the size and placement of key furniture elements like the bed, nightstands, and wardrobe, to the overall flow and composition of the room.
Dimensions 📏
Rules Of Thumb 👍
Layout Examples ✏️
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  • Bed Dimensions
  • Night Stand Dimensions
  • Closet Dimensions
  • TV Unit Dimensions
  • Desk & Chair Dimensions

Bed Dimensions

Keep in mind the following are mattress sizes, not including the bed frame:
  • Crib: 120x80 cm
  • Toddler Bed: 70 cm x 140 cm
  • Twin single: 99x191 cm
  • Twin XL: 99x203 cm
  • Full Double: 137x191 cm
  • Queen: 152x203 cm
  • King: 193x203 cm
  • California King: 183x213 cm

Night Stand Dimensions

The dimensions of a typical nightstand are around 50-60 cm wide, 40-50 cm deep, and 60-70 cm tall. Some nightstands have built-in drawers to allow for more storage space.

Closet Dimensions

Closets exist in a wide range of sizes or are custom-made casework. The average closet size is 60 - 70 cm wide and about 120 to 220 cm long, depending on the space it is in.
A sliding door closet requires a minimum 75 cm clearance. An open-door closet clearance is 75 cm + the dimension of its door length to be opened comfortably.
3 Walk-In Closet Typologies are:
  • One side walk-in closet - Minimal size 1.50x1.50 cm
  • L Shaped walk-in closet - Minimal size 1.85x1.85 cm
  • U Shaped walk-in closet - Minimal size 2.15x2.15 cm

TV Unit Dimensions

A bedroom TV unit facilitates the TV and provides extra storage for clothes and personal items. A TV unit size should correlate with the standing TV size;
  • For a TV between 32”-42”, allow a ~90x40 cm unit.
  • For a TV between 43”-55”, allow a ~1.115x45 cm unit.
  • For a TV between 56”-67”, allow a ~1.60x50 cm unit
A wall-mounted TV does not require a TV unit and is more space efficient. Yet, a TV unit is still used for storage and aesthetics. In this case, the dimensions above apply with a minimum width of 40 cm for all cases.

Desk & Chair Dimensions

Some bedrooms incorporate a desk and chair; these may be small student bedrooms or large master bedrooms.
The Standard desk size is between 60x120 cm to 80x160 cm, and the average chair size is around 60x65 cm.
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  • Bedroom Door - Bed Ratio
  • Bedroom Window - Bed Ratio
  • Circulation & Clearance
  • Distance Between Bed To TV

Bedroom Door - Bed Ratio

When locating a bed in a room, it's important to position it according to the entrance door. The following rules of thumb will allow a sense of security and privacy in a bedroom:
  • Place the bed diagonally to the entrance door.
  • Avoid placing a bed directly in front of a door.
  • Don’t place the bed headboard near the door.
  • Preferably, locate the bed so that there is an eye site between it to the entrance door.

Bedroom Window - Bed Ratio

Windows can be roughly divided into two types; windows with hinges and windows with railing. The first requires clearance for opening/closing of their sashes. The second doesn’t, as it is flushed with the wall.
Avoid placing a bed under a window due to the following:
  • Uncomfortable access to the window.
  • The headboard may block the outdoor view.
  • Less privacy and exposure to outdoor noises, light, and temperature.
  • Notice - sometimes placing a bed under a window is inevitable and can, in fact, be esthetically pleasing.

Circulation & Clearance

Circulation paths should be a minimum of 75 cm and may overlap with the clearance needed for furniture.
Sliding door closet clearance should be a minimum of 75 cm, yet when it comes to an open-door closet or a TV unit with drawers, the clearance should be 75 cm plus the closet door length or drawer depth, to allow comfortable access.
The clearance in front of a desk for a chair to be accessible is a minimum of 75 cm. This area may overlap with the circulation path in compact bedrooms.

Distance Between Bed To TV

The recommended distance between a bed to a TV can be achieved by multiplying the TV screen size (diagonal between cross corners of the screen) by 1.2.
Here is a Bed-TV Viewing Distance Chart for example:
  • 50” TV: 1.5 m from bed
  • 55” TV: 1.66 m from bed
  • 65” TV: 1.8 m from bed
  • 70” TV: 2.13 m from bed
  • 75” TV: 2.31 m from bed
  • 85” TV: 2.58 m from bed
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  • Infant / Child Bedroom
  • Teenage / Student Bedroom
  • Couple Bedroom
  • Master Bedroom

Infant / Child Bedroom

An infant's bedroom should be highly functional yet warm and intimate.
It is recemented to allow for double the minimal clearance size in front of a crib than you would in front of a bed: which is 1.50x1.50 cm.
Another thing to consider while designing the layout of an infant is that, with time, it will transform into a child's bedroom by replacing the crib with a child's bed and the changing table with a closet.

Teenage / Student Bedroom

A teenage or student bedroom is often a relatively small space that should contain a single or double bed, a closet, and a desk with a comfortable chair for studies. To optimize the limited space, it's crucial to use the bare minimum-sized objects and furniture pieces.
By taking a minimalist approach, you can create a functional and comfortable space!

Couple Bedroom

The basics of a couple bedroom would be a double bed, nightstands, and a closet.
This typology of bedroom withholds endless layout arrangements and depends deeply on the room size and shape.
Fun fact: It's recommended to enable space from both sides of a double bed, not only for comfortable access from each side: but also for better balance and relationship prospects, according to Feng Shui.

Master Bedroom

Designing a master bedroom offers the opportunity to create a luxurious retreat.
Separate the room into areas for sleeping, dressing, working, and relaxing to create intimacy and a variety of use cases within the room.
With a thoughtful approach, a master bedroom can provide an oasis of comfort and functionality.
'Sometimes A Dream Vacation From Life Is In Your Own Bedroom' ✨